Sharks are arguably the most scariest deep-sea creature in the world. However, there’s a much a bigger kind of bass than a shark. It’s named Megalodon.

Believe it or not, this sort of fish has been incredibly much larger and a lot ferocious in comparison to a shark! It was really a monstrous prehistoric shark that’s huge enough to swallow an whole elephant.

It’s one of the largest predators that dominated the saline water in the early times.

Megalodon’s skeleton did not preserve very well because it was consisted largely of cartilage, rather than bone that’s very similar to that of the modern sharks. Theories about the body and feeding habits of Megalodon stem largely from its fossilized teeth, which may reach up to 7 inches in length.

Moreover, experts think that Megalodons might have fed on porpoises and whales because there are a good deal of whale bones which shows various teeth marks which might have been out of the monstrous sort of fish. Believe or not, the minute this monster shark exert more massive pressure with its sting, it is more than sufficient to slice the flesh of some of its prey.

At the moment, the size of the Megalodon is still a topic of intense debate. When you come right down to it, Megalodon is the hugest fish which flourished in every corner of the planet’s deepest seas throughout the olden days. And like the sharks, Megalodon proved it is once a successful species on the planet.

Pesky Squirrels

Squirrel, Wildlife, Brown

While their diet primarily consists of fruits, nuts, seeds, and plant, during the early spring as much of this isn’t yet available this species will eat eggs, eggs, small birds, snakes as well as other rodents. Squirrels are obviously clever and will often find ways to get food that other rodents wouldn’t usually be able to access, like eating out of bird feeders situated high off the ground or digging up seeds, seeds, and bulbs which were found by their excellent little noses. They’re also curious by nature and will easily explore new areas for a suitable den.

Squirrels over time have learned to cohabitate with people and within several public parks and universities see us as ample resources of food. These rodents can be trained to be hand fed and often are considered a suitable pet inside the home if elevated from a really young age. A couple of college campuses have even started a game called squirrel fishing; a sport in which you attach a peanut into a string and a stick and see just how much the Shrimp could be lifted off the floor before releasing his bite. Others believe squirrels a viable food source throughout the United States; they are high in cholesterol and have a strong gamey taste.

Squirrels build nests in which to live, and these may often be seen equally high in trees and burrowed inside the floor. In squirrel infested regions that border residential houses they’ll also find attics and basements appropriate living environments; and they will often put to use substances found inside the house to build their nest. Power outages are also occasionally on account of the curious animal wandering across a grounded power line and brushing against a transformer, and double this species has been demonstrated to topple the mighty NASDAQ stock exchange.

Keeping squirrels out of your house can often prove difficult for the average homeowner, particularly if there’s a large population of those nearby. This species can grow to be very territorial during mating period (or after giving birth) and a silent attic can frequently turn into the ideal hideout for these animals. The simplest way to prevent an infestation is to reduce entry in the first place by sealing up any openings or other entryways which would normally go undetected. In northern areas it’s also important not to overlook the chimney; using their exceptional climbing ability squirrels can descend right down it.

Largemouth bass

Image result for largemouth bass

Some call it as’wide-mouth bass’, some others term it as’bigmouth’ or’black bass’! Whatever be the name by which you address it, the’largemouth bass’ is a subject of interest to all who prefer to study on the different species of living creatures that lie across in this wide world! ‘Largemouth bass’ is recognized as the’state fish’ of Alabama, Georgia, Mississippi, Florida and Tennessee.

‘Micropterus Salmoides’ are classified as members of the’Sun Fish’ family as well as the term’micropterus salmoides’ is derived from the Greek language.

‘Largemouth bass’ is usually seen abundantly in areas like St.Lawrence, Great Lakes, Hudson Bay and Mississippi River basins. The body color of these species looks like the emerald colour or that in other words can be termed as an olive colour and this makes the physical shape little interesting! You can observe some dark marks scattered on every side of the body that gives the total body shape a quaint look! Another specialty is the upper jaw reaches to the back border of the orbit that’s the cavity of the skull where the eyes are situated. These are popularly called the’game fish’ and usually they will grow up to 30 inches and weigh 20 lbs!

The eating habits of the species are really interesting to observe! The small ones usually take the bait-fish or the luring fish, scuds, small shrimps and smaller bugs; whereas the grown-up ones consumes the new water sunfish, crayfish, frogs, snakes, salamanders and bats. They sometimes eat small varieties of water birds, mammals, and little reptiles like alligators!

If you take some sensible precautions as you do fishing, certainly you’ll be successful in catching these species. Try using some plastic worms of different colours and of lighter qualities and you can see the difference! Search them around the pier sides near the towers, the rock structures and underneath the wild plants or flowers. Another area to search for this species is the areas wherever you see the diving birds! Birds love to devour’largemouth bass’ and so whenever you notice the low flying and diving of birds , you can definitely be sure that there are some sizable quantity of’largemouth bass’ underneath! Take care to fish during the early part of the day because this is the time when lots of the’largemouth bass’ come-out in their hiding places! You could also avoid places of high activities because’largemouth bass’ are shy of places of hectic activities. They always enjoy the calm and quiet areas and so search them just at quieter places!

You need to make a clear review of the site in which you intend to do fishing. The’largemouth bass’ such as clear, clean water where there are enough springs which makes the water always clean. They always prefer fresh flowing water compared to stagnant water. So don’t waste your time in a mucky flow where there’s no enough rain or pure water! You must also avoid the beginning areas of the stream which is too close to the banks. These species typically do not prefer such’close to the bank’ places! Selecting the correct fishing rod and reel is also of much importance. You must go for a really light rod with just 4 to 6 pounds and this could be much suited for the purpose of catching a’largemouth bass’.


Manatee, Marine, Animals, Sea, Water

The Florida manatee is a large mammal with a body which tapers down to a paddle like tail. They have two front flippers and every flipper has between three and four claws. The nearest relative to the manatee is the elephant. Normally, an adult manatee is approximately 10 feet long and weighs 1000 lbs.

You may find manatees in shallow water coastal regions, slow moving rivers and estuaries, mainly where sea grass beds or fresh water vegetation are plentiful. In america, manatees are concentrated in Florida during the winter months and in the summer months, manatees may travel as far west as Texas, and north along the Atlantic shore to the Carolinas with a few having partnerships as far north as Massachusetts.

The majority of the time they’re found resting, eating, and on the move. Manatees are herbivorous meaning they’re vegetarian and consume only algae and plants. Manatees may rest on the bottom, or just under the surface, for up to 20 minutes. They could swim close to 20 mph, but do so in just short bursts when scared or attempting to get out of harm’s way,

It’s projected that manatees can live as long as 60 years. They’ve no known enemies except for man and many human related deaths are due to watercraft. In the end, the manatee’s loss of habitat is the most serious threat in america today.

Mothers will nurse their young for between 1 and 2 years, during the time the calf will stay dependent on the mother.

Shepherds Pie

Image result for shepherds pie

When used as a verb, the word shepherd means to guide something (such as sheep); move them in the direction of where you need them next. For sheep, that often means from their pencil to a field of grass where they graze. Thus, the shepherd shepherds the sheep to the area from their pen.
A pie is composed of pastry formed into a bowl that will have a staple food product which the baker selects (meat, vegetables, or fruit). With that much done, the product could be called something besides a pie. When the baker adds a pastry cover (top or lid) then bakes his or her invention, he or she has baked pie. The title shepherd’s pie suggests that mutton (the meat of sheep) got baked into the dish. While true, if the baker chooses to use mutton, the title shepherd’s pie applies to any edible food shepherded into the pastry bowl.
You know the name for prepared food products that were not all consumed: leftovers. Shepherd’s pie, a freshly-baked demonstration of kitchen leftovers, provides a baker with a range of opportunity to spruce up an otherwise B record meal while functionally clearing the fridge of older, yet usable food before it spoils. I have seen the title”cowboy’s pie.” A pie will eat (taste) the same if the name changes; the pie itself stays the same. Cowboys herd cows, as shepherds herd sheep. Speaking of cows, western Americans favor the name cattle, and they detest the term boy when speaking to themselves and their heritage of herding cows. They enjoy cattlemen better. Cattlemen’s pie works then, does not it? It also sounds better than cowboy’s pie. Probably, we should let go there, since cattlemen don’t usually herd cows, which live in barns, create dairy products, and create small cows (calves).

What your pet is saying

Hare, Bunny, Rabbit, Animal, Outdoors

Words are extremely important in showing and portraying someone’s emotions. Words make the world more expressive and meaningful. However, words can sometimes be harmful. Therefore, it’s essential to be mindful and aware of the words that are blurted out because great consequences may come later. In short, words are powerful in the conduct of daily life.

There are times that we can not find the right words to express something, right? When this happens, we create noises hoping that these are enough to portray whatever we’re feeling. Thousands of these can be made, but at the end of the day, it can be quite effective in delivering a message.

Animals are known to make noises since they are unable to speak. Lions, for example, roar to get the message across, snakes hiss to tell something, and other animals make noises to attract a partner or scare an enemy. There are many of these that may be observed when you go in the wilderness.

If you are thinking of getting a pet, you should be ready for the sounds they make. You wouldn’t wish to appear rude by dismissing your pet’s attempt to communicate with you. They might be called sound, but these do mean something. Thus, it is important that you understand what to expect so you won’t get agitated when you hear one.

If you want a pet bunny, then it is helpful you know the noises they make ahead. Here are some of these that they tend to make. Hopefully you can understand the message:


  • This means they are contented and thrilled.
  1. Tooth Grinding (Loud)
  • When they make this noise, it signifies discomfort or distress.
  1. Grunt
  • It means they are happy, excited and curious.
  1. Growl
  • This means they are agitated or angry. It may also indicate a fear of something.
  1. Scream

Upon hearing this, it would be best if you bring them to your vet. There are times that this means panic, too.

  1. Snort
  • This indicates pleasure while eating or grooming. You should be happy once you hear this since it conveys happiness.
  1. Foot thump
  • It can mean two things: they sense danger or they’re just expressing frustration or anger.
  1. Mating Noises
  • This may sound unthinkable. When hearing such, it would mean they are mating.

Generally, rabbits are silent but there are other rabbits who prefer to be more”outspoken” in expressing whatever they feel inside. It is excellent to know the meaning of the sound they make as you will know when they’re happy, contented, sad, and sick.

Aside those mentioned above, it is important that you give your pet rabbits with everything they need from food, shelter, grooming, and other care requirements. If you cannot provide them with what they want, then you should think about giving them back to the shelter.

Keeping Salamanders

Fire Salamander, Salamander, Amphibian

Salamanders can actually live for a lengthy time. In actuality, some of them can live for up to 25 years. If you want your pet to live a longer life, then below are some tips on how to care for your salamander correctly:

Number 1: Before you acquire a salamander, you need to secure a special collection permit from your regional division of conservation and wildlife department. Your local authority may be issuing this license to permit you to maintain a salamander at home.

Number 2: Provide a tank or aquarium best for your salamander. A tank which measures 1×2 feet is sufficient for a small to medium-sized salamander. However, you can go to as large as 3×4 feet. It should be tight enough to keep the salamander from penetrating.

Number 3: Make sure you fill the tank with sand or soil for about 4 inches deep. You might also use an old cake pan or loaf bread pan so that it is going to fit well with the height of the sand. You need to provide an appropriate substrate for burrowing too.

Number 4: Put fresh water to the container. Salamander loves to remain in damp, green and dark areas; hence you can put green plants within the tank. When you add water inside the tank, the runoff will eventually keep the sand moist.

Number 5: Secure rocks and other things which can be utilised as colors like driftwoods and leaves and put it inside your tank. But, make sure you set it in an organized manner so it won’t ruin your set up.

Number 6: Salamanders produce excessive waste. Because of that, you want to clean the tank every now and then. If you are unable to do this, ammonia will lodge within the tank causing your tank to be polluted. If this will happen, your salamander will get sick and eventually die.

Number 7: See to it that your tank is always dry for terrestrial terrarium, but maintain your substrate slightly moist. If you are keeping semi-aquatic salamanders, be certain that the land part is moist, but not submerged in water. In the meantime, the water on the wet-side must always be clean.

Number 8: Salamanders can be kept in room temperature. Normally, salamanders have sensitive skin and they have the tendency to acquire chemicals immediately. Thus, they don’t need certain UV lights. Rather, see to it that you rotate the daylight and dark cycle to imitate their natural surroundings.

Having a pet in your home may wipe out your stress and give you a different sense of happiness. Surely, you will find a worthwhile moment with your salamander. However, once you have your own salamander, make certain that you don’t forget your responsibilities as a pet owner. Take good care of your salamanders well so they will live long and happily with you.

Iguana Ownership

Iguana, Green, Lizard, Kaltblut, Reptile

Iguanas are magnificent reptiles and possessing them means understanding them. I strongly recommend doing your own research as sadly some pet shops will let you know what you would like to hear to be able to create”the sale”.

  1. I strongly recommend beginning your iguana out in a 20 gallon aquarium (or its equivalent ). Before bringing him/her house, ensure that the enclosure is ready for housing. Ensure that your iguana enclosure includes UVA and UVB lighting, heat lamp (I do not recommend”heat stones” as reptiles generally tend to remain on them and can burn), hide box (infants will conceal ) and a water container big enough for your iguana to completely submerge in (they love water).
  2. After bringing your iguana house , put it in it is already ready enclosure and let it settle in for a day or so. It’s imperative to permit your new addition to acclimate to its new surrounding. This can help”tame” your iguana making him/her more trusting and secure.
  3. Being a tropical to sub-tropical species of reptile, higher humidity within the enclosure will be essential (80 percent or higher), as is appropriate temperature. Temperature during the day will have to be approximately 88 – 93 degrees (f). Use a UVB”black light” to accomplish this and put it on the other side of this”afternoon” lamp.
  4. Do not be alarmed if your iguana shy’s away from food for the first few days. This is very common until acclimated to its new environment. It’s still crucial to set their food within their enclosure. Start them out with finely cut romaine lettuce and red cabbage (they adore romaine lettuce) for a couple of days. This will”break them in” and prompt them .

1 flower to prevent is the azalea.
In its simplest form: 80% veggies + 10% veggies + 10% blossoms = 100% nutrition!

  1. Maintaining your iguana enclosure clean is quite important! If their enclosure is filthy, your iguana can become vulnerable to parasites. Parasites can and eventually will lead to illness or worse kill your iguana (s). If you see fecal matter, rotting food, or clouding in their own water, wash the enclosure immediately.

To conclude, Mimicking character is the surest method of maintaining your iguana healthy and happy.
As time goes by, you won’t think your once small lizard is now so long as you. Once your iguana matures, you will feel as if he/she a part of the family!

The last step is to locate a excellent exotic vet for your iguana. It’s wonderful to know that if something should go wrong, you have an exotic vet who knows that your iguana and what is needed to keep them healthy and happy.

Leopard Gecko

Gecko, Leopard Gecko, Lizard, Reptile

Substrate is an important concern, as well, and a point of great contention in the leopard gecko community. Some substrates are regarded as safer than others, while some are downright dangerous. There are a few that people have varying viewpoints on, such as sand.

Your lizards will not succeed on bare glass, so it is a fantastic idea to give them something to live on. There are many different options available, from newspaper to sand to stone to wood chips. You can find many of them in your house or local pet shop. But don’t assume safety.

Some are more suitable than others, and some are really hazardous to your lizard and can result in considerable health issues. Don’t assume that just because a substrate is offered in the pet store, it will be safe. Even bedding branded for leopard geckos might not be a fantastic idea.

Leopard geckos should never be housed on cedar or pine, as these aromatic woods are poisonous to them, and to nearly every other small animal kept as a pet. The substances that keep these wood chips smelling good are also toxic when inhaled in large amounts or when eaten.

Bear in mind that there’s a fantastic chance your pet will consume some of its substrate when it catches insects, or in an effort to maximize its calcium levels. Choose a bedding that won’t block its digestive system or be poisonous.

This tendency is one reason that some people choose to bed their lizards on special calcium-rich sand, because it provides a calcium supplement when ingested, and will not be poisonous. However, there is some debate about the digestibility of this substrate, in addition to concern over using other forms of sand, because they may cause blockages of the digestive tract.

Health issues may occur with sand beddings, most commonly in young geckos.

If sand is selected, be sure that it’s the best sand you can find, rather than a coarser builder’s sand, and supply regular and copious calcium supplementation to discourage your lizard from eating it. Many people successfully keep their animals on sand without any problems, but they need to pay careful attention.

If using paper, such as newspaper or paper towels, make certain it is blank, or that any inks used are non-toxic. Simply remove the paper and add new substrate whenever it’s dirty. It’s not a very natural looking option, however.

Bark is usually a poor option, being hard to clean and easy to ingest. Reptile carpet, specially made for use with snakes and lizards, is a washable, easy to clean substrate that comes pre cut into the most popular tank dimensions, but doesn’t offer a natural appearance.

Some people also choose to use slate or ceramic tiles, since these are relatively natural in appearance (unglazed ceramic is better for this than glazed) and provide horizontal basking surfaces without the danger of substrate ingestion.

No matter what substrate you decide to use, make sure that it’s clean and free of dangerous objects or substances before placing it in your terrarium. Decide whether you want to simply be able to wash it, or in the event you will want to replace it if its dirty, and if a natural appearance is a big priority. This will say the best bedding to your geckos.

Ball Python Facts

Snake, Python, Ball Python

Each year, ball python breeders are coming out with a new colour or pattern morph to fulfill the needs of keepers and breeders alike. During the last few decades, there was a surge in producing various pattern or color morphs, which would be the envy of the snake world. These may cost upwards of tens of thousands of dollars. There are still lots of normal ball pythons being bred in captivity for the pet but there’s definite change on the market.

A growing number of people today are keeping reptiles; especially snakes generally as bits of living art. Philippe educated us then and a natural environment is the best way to celebrate our reptiles.

Reptile collectors today aren’t satisfied buying a snake, putting it into a fish tank with a screen lid, and a heater. They see their reptiles as an investment and wish to display themas they want a Picasso painting. We still see the typical buyers of reptiles within the pet industry but there’s a definite growing percentage of those that are buying the higher wind or more costly morphs so as to produce their own artistic statement in there home or office.

Solving the mystery

Keepers are way more knowledgeable today as all of us are about the maintenance specifics of reptiles. Over the last three decades, lots of individuals have learned, with much more knowledge about their preferred reptile they could make informed decisions about which product(s) will provide them not only a better environment but also a better means of reptile keeping. Nowadays more keepers are recognizing it is not about just captive care of reptiles generally, but about the natural history of the entire genre, which is currently making a difference in the way they maintain their snakes. Using the ball python for instance, many keepers thought for years that this species was just a fossorial snake. Now we know that ball pythons from some areas climb into small shrubs and spend some time there off the floor. With the tendency of creating a more natural environment for our snakes we’re observing new behaviours; I would be ready to say, if the reptiles were bred under those conditions we would also observe an increasing tendency towards improved breeding success.

Product manufacturers are also more aware of the increasing trend also. They now create a better line of goods to fulfill the requirements of the discerning keeper. Together with the producers understanding just as much if not more about our reptiles, we’re not looking through a bay window on a large environment but a microscope to the world which makes up the microenvironment of the reptiles we maintain. With this understanding, we have the ability to supply a far better captive environment, one highlighting the snake, as opposed to simply keeping it alive.

Many parameters enter this sort of environment. Previously, all we had were fish tanks with screen lids as I’d mentioned earlier. Now we have plexiglass enclosures, which are simpler to maintain. Plexiglass not only is easier to heat but in addition, it retains the humidity necessary for maintaining tropical species like the ball python.

Aside from the introduction of new materials like plexiglass for the enclosure, we now have a firmer grasp on the understanding of plants, substrates, heaters, and several other pieces of equipment which need to keep a wholesome atmosphere for our reptiles. With all this knowledge available to individuals we still observe the most frequent mistake with the new snake keeper.

They buy the snake and what they believe are the perfect stuff for your environment and then place all of this to the old kind of fish tank enclosure. The significant issue with maintaining most tropical creatures in this sort of enclosure is that there’s a enormous quantity of air exchange when display lids are used. If you reside in a dry area like myself this sort of enclosure will need misting numerous times per day. In case you’ve made a greater end investment this is a crucial part of captive care to mist the snake and then track its surroundings. Using the right enclosure such as the ones made by Ricky’ s Reptile Enclosures will save you from having to experience this matter.

Now you know which enclosure to buy, but the fun doesn’t stop there. These are cheap and easy to clean; hence, they make sense for your breeder trying to keep costs to a minimum. Breeders use either pine shavings or paper to maintain their snakes. The showcase snake though won’t be display properly on those substrates.

The Correct Plant

The planted vivarium isn’t as hard as it might appear, it is actually an issue of plant selection, positioning, and using the perfect soils. I use organic potting soil that’s pearlite free and landscape the enclosure so the rear of the enclosure is a little graded or sloped towards the front. The organic potting soil is fine on its own but to actually get a wonderful look to the total vivarium I place a coating of orchid bark or cypress mulch on top.

Not only do plants help create oxygen inside the enclosure, but they also offer a degree of humidity as does the soil/mulch mixture. Delicate ferns and other similar plants won’t stand up to a drifting P. regius.

We must also be cautious of any plants which may be poisonous to a reptile. And of course the fact that several of the plant recommendations you see online sound great. However, what they do not tell you is that their recommendations are actually bushes that can become extremely large. As an example, 1 recommendation I saw was for Callistemon, which they had misspelled as Callistemom popularly called bottlebrush. Why would you advocate that to get a reptile or amphibian enclosure?

Here’s a list of non-toxic plants which you could use without fear of them growing into trees or stabbing a drifting snake. Pothos Epipremnum pothos aureus, Liriope Lily turf, & Aspidistra Cast Iron plant are plants I have used inside the vivarium itself and have not had any issue. Some mosses may be applied as ground cover too but I have not used them before so I am unable to make any recommendations . Aside from the plants, add a sandblasted grapevine bit angled from among the bottom corners of the enclosure into the opposite upper corner diagonally so the snake can decide to be either higher or lower. I have yet to find a branch be provided that wasn’t used at some stage.

You must also offer some kind of hide area inside the enclosure. Personally, I like the half logs which are offered for this purpose. Purchase one which the snake can input and when coiled their body needs to encounter the sides. This is a vital piece as it enables the snake to feel protected.